In line with the country’s policies to improve the quality and quantity of clinical research in hospitals with the aim of making evidence-based decisions in adopting therapeutic practices, the clinical research centers have been established.
Given the increasing progress of medical sciences and the quantitative and qualitative promotion of medical science research, emphasis on observance of religious, legal and ethical standards in research, implementation of various research projects, including research on humans and the collection and retention of information has raised concerns. These concerns include abuse and harm to humans, failure to comply with ethical standards in the design and implementation of plans and the unlawful use of information. Therefore, to prevent possible abuses, the national ethics committees in biological sciences research have been established.
Identifying the most important individuals, institutions, universities, and other factors related to scientific products and activities can be instrumental in communications, systematic collaborations, and the information exchange in various fields. One of the most common ways of measuring scientific activities is the method of sciences based on four main variables of authors, citations, references and publications. Scientometrics is one of the most common ways of evaluating scientific activities, and the continuous publication of scientific indices describes research in different scientific communities. This can be a useful and effective element for managing research, policy making and how to allocate funds and facilities in science. Scientometrics can help balance the budget and economic costs to some extent and increase the efficiency through research.